Upcoming IDRS Member Events
IDRS Conference 2009
July 21-25, 2009: The first Conference to be held in the UK for 20 years, celebrates music ‘old’ and ‘new’, exploring British, European and American influences through celebrity performances, masterclasses, seminars, trade stands, social events and more. IDRS 2009 is hosted by Birmingham Conservatoire (Prof George Caird, Principal), one of the UK’s leading music colleges situated in the heart of England. More information.
IDRS Conference 2009 Update
The last few weeks have been fantastic here at IDRS 2009 HQ! Registrations from all over the world have been flying in!
If you have already registered for the conference, then check out the great deals we have on hotel accommodation throughout the City. You can reserve a room by clicking here: http://www.visitbirmingham.com/double_reed_society/ or alternatively you can call the Accommodation hotline on +44 (0)121 202 5005. All hotels are within the city centre, and many have reduced their rates EVEN FURTHER for the conference week! All accommodation is to be paid on arrival to the hotel, and are all within 15 mins walk maximum of the Conservatoire (most within a 5min walk).
If you want to stay in budget/student accommodation, then you can click here: http://www.ellis-salsby.co.uk/events/?eid=64 and reserve a room in the Opal One Student Accommodation for just £126 for the whole week. Please note, this is a 25min walk away from the Conservatoire (or a 5min bus ride).
Our wonderful friends at visitbirmingham.com have also compiled a whole load of very special IDRS 2009 discounts that can used throughout the conference week. From discounts in resturants, to tourist attractions to nightclubs – there’s something here for everyone! http://www.visitbirmingham.com/double_reed_society/
We are also very excited that, following his performance at the Barbirolli International Oboe Competition, french oboist David Walter will be giving a recital on Saturday 25th July in the Recital Hall!
Finally, do check out the fabulous IDRS 2009 website on your lunchbreak today! We’ve just uploaded our next interview in our Featured Artist series. This weeks interview is with bassoonist Lorelei Dowling. http://www.idrs2009.org/attend-the-conference/featured-artists
As always, send your questions, wads of cash and other assorted bribes to me at email@example.com
Bye for now!
Sixth Annual Double Reed Festival of Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean
The Sixth Annual Double Reed Festival of Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean will take place from September 21-25, 2009 in Panama City, Panama. It is sponsored by the National Institute of Culture. This year’s teachers will be Pedro Díaz, oboe/english horn and Benjamin Coelho, bassoon.
To enroll, contact Professor Juan Castillo at Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, telephone: (507) 399-6226.
The Midwest Double Reed Society Festival
The Midwest Double Reed Society and the University of Kansas Double Reed Festival will take place on October 3 & 4 at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. Guests, Daniel Stolper, Interlochen Arts Academy, Professor Emeritus Michigan State University, & George Sakakeeny, Professor of Bassoon, Oberlin College will present master classes and a recital. $25 for non-members, $15 for student non-members and senior citizens. For a schedule of events or questions contact Margaret Marco, KU Associate Professor of Oboe at email@example.com, or Eric Stomberg, KU Associate Professor of Bassoon at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.mdrs.org.
IDRS Video Update
The IDRS Video Enhancement Project on www.idrs.org is now complete. The video archive available on www.idrs.org is now served via a database engine. The database engine permits members to search through all IDRS video recordings on the www.idrs.org site with the use of key words. For example, upon entering the key words “low strings,” the database will find video performances of the Concerto for bassoon and low strings (1975), by Sofia Gubaidulina, and the Concerto for bassoon and low strings, by Ana Sokolovic, both performed by Stephane Levesque during the most recent IDRS conference at Birmingham, UK. Both examples are also in HD! The database also allows for a broad search. For example, one can find and display all thirty-five available video recordings of performances and master classes from the 2006 IDRS conference. To access the video site, members can look for the multimedia link on the www.idrs.org home page.
Currently, there are 210 video segments available on www.idrs.org, which are comprised of performances, master classes, interviews and a complete video archive of the Fernand Gillet – Hugo Fox International Competition from the past seven years. All video segments of performances are available to IDRS members only.
In 2002, Yoshi Ishikawa, editor of IDRS OnLine publications and former president of IDRS (1994-1997), conceived, created, and began the IDRS Video Enhancement Project. The objective of this project has been to produce one-of-a-kind, historical, and innovative video segments, which will inspire, educate, and entertain performers, pedagogues and students of double reed instruments. The goal has been to make available these video segments to the public via the most current technology.
Ishikawa is assisted by Saxton Rose, associate editor of IDRS OnLine publications. The current and former video crew includes Saxton Rose, Brian Jack, Michael Christoph, Eric Johnson and George Downing. Ishikawa is the professor bassoon performance at the University of Colorado at Boulder, College of Music, and Saxton Rose is a member of the artist faculty (bassoon performance) at the University of North Carolina, School of Music. Both Yoshi Ishikawa and Saxton Rose are active as soloists and have performed and presented master classes throughout Europe, Asia, Oceania, and South America. Video segments, which feature both Ishikawa and Rose, are part of the IDRS Video collection.
First Annual Reed Conference to be held in Chile
The Youth Orchestra Foundation of Chile will hold the 1º Reed Conference in Chile this month. Topics covered will be clarinet, oboe and bassoon, reeds, solo and chamber music repertoire. The conference is aimed at teachers and instructors, students of all levels, members of youth orchestras, children and professionals. The activities will be conducted by professors Rubén Albornoz (oboe), Ezequiel Fainguersch (bassoon) and Jorge Montilla (clarinet), and will be held from 26 to 28 November 2009 in Santiago, Chile.
To register or obtain more information: http://www.orquestajuvenil.cl/node/585.
Registration deadline: November 20, 2009.
Ray Still 90th Birthday Celebration!!!
Ray Still 90th Birthday Celebration!!!
March 15, 2010
Honoring Ray Still, principal oboe of the Chicago Symphony for forty years (1953-1993) and former Northwestern University faculty (1960-2004).
Bienen School of Music of Northwestern University
Lutkin Hall, 700 University Place, Evanston, IL
5:00PM Ray Still Master Class
7:30PM Celebration Concert and Reception
Free and open to the the public! For more information, please email RayStillEvent@u.northwestern.edu
由前世界双簧协会主席石川 善之（Ishikawa Yoshiyuki）先生牵首组织召开的亚洲双簧协会（ADRA）第一界筹建理事工作会议，于3月29日、30日在香港艺术发展中心召开。应邀出席会议人员分别来自日本、中国、中国香港、中国台湾和泰国等地（韩国暂缺）。继续
Note: About ADRA in Chinese from www.bassoon.net.cn
Ninth Annual Midwest Double Reed Society Festival
The Midwest Double Reed Society and the University of Kansas present the Ninth Annual Double Reed Festival on October 30 and 31 at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, hosted by Margaret Marco and Eric Stomberg. MDRS officers and executive members Nora Lewis, Susan Maxwell, Rod Ackmann, Celeste Johnson, Margaret Marco and Eric Stomberg offer performance classes, reed clinics and a gala recital. Justin Miller, Miller Marketing will present his wares and a reed making class.
For a schedule of events visit www.mdrs.org or contact Margaret Marco, KU Associate Professor of Oboe at email@example.com, or Eric Stomberg, KU Associate Professor of Bassoon at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Asian Double Reed Association Conference
The Asian Double Reed Association is a new organization dedicated to serving the needs of all double reed players in Asia. The 2011 ADRA conference is the inaugural event of the organization and is being hosted by Mahidol University, College of Music, located just outside of Bangkok, Thailand.
The conference will feature four full days of concerts by leading double reed artists, as well as masterclasses, presentations, vendor exhibits, and double reed ensembles for all members to participate in. There will be a special hall setup for student performances and all double reed players in attendance will be encouraged to join the mass double reed ensembles that will perform on the final day of the conference. The Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra, Thailand’s leading orchestral ensemble, will be available for evening performances.
The conference will also feature a competition for oboe and bassoon with two separate categories (one for each instrument). The winners will receive a cash prize and an opportunity to perform a concerto with the Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra on the final concert of the conference. Contestants that place in the top 15 will receive a travel stipend to attend the conference.
The conference will also place an emphasis on traditional folk double reed instruments, promoting the historical culture of the region. Leading folk performers will be invited to present performances and research about these instruments.
The College of Music is the premier music school in Southeast Asia, offering world-class facilities with a warm and comfortable atmosphere, making the perfect venue to hold a conference.
The conference is open to all teachers, players, and students of the double reed instruments, as well as any fan and music lover. The College of Music and the ADRA welcome everyone to participate in this exciting event.
The conference will also present the The 1st International ADRA Oboe and Bassoon Competition:
1. J.S. Bach: Sonata in G Minor, BWV 1030
Suggested publisher: Peters
2. Antal Dorati: Cinq Pieces pour le hautbois
1. La cigale et la fourmie
Suggested publisher: Boosey and Hawkes
3. W.A. Mozart: Oboe Concerto, K.314
Suggested publisher: Barenreite
Note: The above suggested publishers are not mandatory.
1. Antonio Vivaldi, Concerto in E Minor, F.Viii, no. 6, RV 484, P137
2. Franz Berwald, Concert Piece in F, Op. 2
3. Francisco Mignone, 16 Valses para Fagote
The repertoire will be the same for both the tape round and the final round. The competition winners will perform the Mozart Oboe Concerto and the Vivaldi Bassoon Concerto in E Minor with the Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra on Friday, August 19.
1st Prize: 100,000 Thai Baht ($3300 approx)
2nd Prize: 75,000 Thai Baht
3rd Prize: 50,000 Thai Baht
Bassoon Ensemble Competition in Strasbourg, France
INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION for BASSOON ENSEMBLE
20-22 April 2012 in STRASBOURG / France
This competition is organised as part of the 7th International Bassoon Festival
of the French “Association Bassons.”
Application deadline: March 1, 2012
Download the program: http://www.bassons.com/pages/articles/pdf/pdf_10.pdf
Win/Win for Hosts of Double Reed Days
The IDRS has an offer that is actually a win-win-win! If you are hosting a Double Reed Day the IDRS offers a special Student Online Membership with REWARDS! If an attendee at your DR Day signs up for a $35 Student Online Membership (forms provided, just email me at email@example.com for a pdf that you can reproduce. Form also available for online membership) and references your event on the form, the host or presenter will receive 50% ($17.50) back from the IDRS for each new student membership. If you get 20 students to sign up, that’s $350! The triple win is 1) the student gets all the fantastic benefits and resources provided by the IDRS, 2) the hosts get money back for just announcing the promotion, 3) and the IDRS gets one more new member. It couldn’t be easier. As a reminder, a $35 Student Online Membership also makes a great Birthday or Holiday gift from mom and dad, aunt or uncle, or the grandparents…and it gives for a full year!
For more information, click here.
Eclipse Chamber Orchestra to Feature Oboe and Bassoon
For the second subscription concert of the 20th season of the Eclipse Chamber Orchestra, to be held February 26 at 3pm, in the George Washington Memorial Masonic Temple, Old Town, Alexandria, VA, the program will feature a number of works of interest for double reed players and fans. Members of the International Double Reed Society will be admitted free to the concert and their friends and family will be given half-price tickets. There is plenty of free parking adjacent to the Masonic and a free champagne reception following the concert.
The first work of interest will be a performance of the Oboe Concerto in A Minor of Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), arguably one of Britain’s most important composers. The concerto, known to be one to test any player’s technique, was written in 1944 for the virtuoso Leon Goosens, but its premiere that year was postponed several months due to German bombing of London during WWII.
Joining Eclipse for this virtuoso concerto will be National Symphony Orchestra Principal Oboe Nicholas Stovall. Born in Austin, Texas, Mr. Stovall holds degrees from the Cleveland Institute of Music and Juilliard, where he received the William Schuman Prize for Outstanding Leadership and Achievement. Mr. Stovall also is Eclipse’s Principal Oboe and will be making his first solo appearance in the Washington, D.C., area during this performance.
The final work is a composition by Eclipse Composer-in-Residence Truman Harris. His Serenade for Orchestra is a commission from Eclipse Chamber Orchestra celebrating the ensemble’s 20th season. During its two decades, Eclipse has premiered several of Mr. Harris’s compositions, with Sylvia Alimena conducting. Eclipse is recording the music of Truman Harris for release on the Naxos label. Also Eclipse’s Principal Bassoonist, Mr. Harris has had his compositions premiered by members of the National Symphony Orchestra, with Leonard Slatkin conducting. Truman Harris is Assistant Principal Bassoonist of the National Symphony Orchestra.
Another work of interest for double reed aficionados is the Octet for Clarinet, Horn, Bassoon, String Quartet and Double Bass by Jean Francaix (1912-1997). Eclipse is performing this composition to honor the prodigious French composer in advance of the 100th anniversary of his birth on May 23. The octet, like nearly all of this neoclassical composer’s work, is a pleasant and airy composition.
The remaining work on the program is Pastorale d’été (Summer Pastorale) by the French-born Swiss composer Arthur Honneger (1892-1955). Composed in 1920, it was inspired by a trip the composer took to the Alps. It is considered to be Honneger’s first important orchestral composition.
Celebrating its 20th season, Eclipse Chamber Orchestra is composed of National Symphony Orchestra members and has recorded on the Naxos label. More information at: www.eclipseco.org
Benefic Chamber Music Camp to include Oboe and Bassoon
The Benefic Chamber Music Camp is a week-long intensive learning experience designed to enhance chamber music and collaborative skills for string, woodwind, horn and piano students who are enrolled in high school through early college. The camp will be held July 29 – August 4, 2012 on the campus of Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. The double reed faculty will include Aryn Sweeney, assistant professor of oboe, and Keith Sweger, professor of bassoon.
Camp activities include chamber music coaching, private lessons, individual coaching focused on assigned chamber music repertoire, master classes, guest artist and faculty concerts, student chamber music performances and a concerto competition. Additional presentations will include musicians’ development seminars, workshops on health and wellness, Alexander Technique, the art of chamber music rehearsals, improvisation, sight-reading, how to prepare for public performance, audition preparation, composition, instrument care/maintenance and others. Guest artists and presenters will include faculty from the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, Indiana University, Michigan State University, and members of the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Symphony Orchestras.
The application fee will be waived for students applying before April 1, 2012 and reduced tuition will be offered to students applying before May 1, 2012. Most camp activities will be housed in Ball State’s Music Instruction Building, which was featured during the 2006 IDRS conference. Muncie, IN is located an hour’s drive northeast of Indianapolis and is easily accessible via air travel through the Indianapolis International Airport. For more information, please go to www.BeneficMusic.com or contact Dr. Sweeney (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Dr. Sweger (email@example.com).
Oboe Day at University of Redlands
The University of Redlands School of Music presents Oboe Day 2012! Enjoy or participate in masterclasses with Liang Wang, Principal Oboist for the New York Philharmonic, and David Weiss, Former Principal Oboist for the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Join Nancy Huang and Jennifer Spier of RDG Woodwinds to have the opportunity to try different brands of oboes, and to learn oboe repair tips! Perfect your reedmaking skills with Francisco Castillo, available all day for any reed inquiries or tips. All registered attendees will be admitted to the Redlands Symphony Dress Rehearsal with Liang Wang as soloist playing the Strauss Oboe Concerto and the World Premiere of Francisco Castillo’s Rhapsody for Oboe and English Horn.
This event is free, but requires pre-registration! Please register through email by April 9, 2012. If you wish to perform in one of the masterclasses, please include with your registration the piece you would like to perform. Send all registration information or questions to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. For more information about the University of Redlands, visit redlands.edu/music or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Also note that the University of Redlands Oboe Day is in conjunction with the Redlands Symphony concert featuring Liang Wang on Saturday, April 14. For ticket and concert information visit redlandssymphony.com.
Concert to Honor Bassoonist Jane Taylor
If you live in the NYC area, you might be interested in this free recital by Windscape (wind quintet) on Tuesday Sept. 11 at Manhattan School of Music in NYC. The recital is dedicated to the memory of bassoonist Jane Taylor of Dorian Wind Quintet fame who passed away in April.
Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2012
Manhattan School of Music
Greenfield Auditorium 7:30 PM
Enter at 122nd Street and Broadway on the NW corner
FREE–No Tickets Required
The Glory of Vienna
An evening of new transcriptions for woodwind quintet:
In memory of our dear friend, bassoonist Jane Taylor
BEETHOVEN (arr. Frank Morelli) 7 Variations on Bel Mannern, welche Liebe fuhlen, WoO 46
MAHLER (arr. David Jolley) Songs of a Wayfarer
SCHUBERT (arr. David Jolley) Quartet No. 13 in A Minor (“Rosamunde”), D. 804, op. 29
STRAUSS (arr. Alan R. Kay) Kaiser Waltzes
Tara Helen O’Connor, Flute
Randall Ellis, Oboe
Alan R. Kay, Clarinet
Frank Morelli, Bassoon
David Jolley, Horn
Raasay Bassoon Course, 8-12th April, 2013
A 5-day course on the beautiful Scottish west coast island of Raasay, led by leading british bassoon soloist Laurence Perkins
Improve your playing! Here is a unique opportunity for bassoonists of all levels to explore and develop a wide range of technical and musical aspects in their playing. This course (running from Monday to Friday) will cover in depth many of the main technical details necessary to achieve a good and satisfying standard of playing, including breathing and support, embouchure, resonance and tone production, tuning and practice technique. There are opportunities to take part in a solo performance class with piano – and of course there will be bassoon ensembles (graded according to playing level) – this will include a link with the bass clarinet course (running parallel) to play a wonderfully resonant version of the finale of Tchaikovsky’s 1812 overture for multiple bassoons and bass clarinets!
Island explorations between sessions, chances to explore a wonderful place, a remote Scottish island nestling between the magnificent Cuillin mountains on the Isle of Skye and the spectacular Applecross peninsular on the mainland. The weather varies, but there are often good days at this time of year, and the big advantage is that it is before most of the midges come out! Travel: flight to Glasgow, bus to Skye (Sconser ferry terminal) and ferry to Raasay. It’s an adventure, quite a lengthy journey overland, but through the most fabulous Scottish landscapes. APPLICATION FORM, plus travel, accommodation and other details at www.raasaymusiccourses.com
Williams Plays Williams, Nov.9-11
The Detroit Symphony Orchestra features principal bassoonist Robert Williams on November 9-11 with performances of John Williams’ masterful and challenging concerto, Five Sacred Trees. The Sunday performance (Nov.11 @ 3pm) will be webcast live. Visit www.dso.org for more details.
N. American Premiere of Graun Bassoon Concerto w/Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
Bassoonist David Sogg w/Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Sat. Oct.13, 11am
FREE (with ticket from box office which you can obtain upon arrival.)
David Sogg, co-principal bassoonist of the Pittsburgh Symphony, will be performing the North American premiere of the C major Concerto by Johann Gottlieb Graun on Saturday October 13, 2012 at 11 AM in Heinz Hall, accompanied by the Pittsburgh Symphony under the baton of Fawzi Haimor. FREE tickets are available at the box office before the concert. The concert, which will last about an hour, also contains Mussorgsky’s Night on Bald Mountain, and movements from Mozart’s 40th, Brahms’s 3rd, and Dvorak’s 9th Symphonies.
Tafelmusik Baroque Summer Institute June 3-16, 2013
The Tafelmusik Baroque Summer Institute is led by some of the world’s finest musicians in the field of baroque performance. This comprehensive training programme, held at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto, includes orchestra and choir rehearsals, masterclasses, opera scene study for singers, chamber ensembles, private lessons, lectures and workshops, and concerts by both participants and faculty.
We invite advanced students, pre-professional, and professional musicians to apply by March 21, 2013. For information and applications, please visit www.tafelmusik.org/tbsi or call 416.964.9562 ex 241
Benefic Chamber Music Camp
Ball State University announces the dates for its Benefic Chamber Music Camp. The camp, extended to 10 days, will be held on the Ball State campus from July 19-28, 2013. Benefic Chamber Music Camp is an intensive learning experience designed to enhance the chamber playing and collaborative skills of string, woodwind, horn, and piano students from high school through the first years of college.
Students are instructed by artists and teachers of international renown, with extensive experience and expertise as educators, chamber musicians, and as members of major symphony orchestras. Double Reed faculty for 2013 include Aryn Day Sweeney, oboe, and Keith Sweger, bassoon, both members of the Ball State School of Music faculty.
Camp activities include:
· Daily chamber ensemble coaching
· Record-and-Review ensemble sessions
· Individual coaching focused on mastering assigned chamber music repertoire
· Private lessons
· Master classes by Camp Faculty and Guest Artists
· Chamber Orchestra
· Concerto Competition: winner performs with BCMC Orchestra
· Guest Artist and Faculty Concerts and Presentations
· Student performances at Sursa Hall with high-tech tunable acoustics
Bonus programs include seminars and workshops on musician’s development:
-Health and Wellness: Alexander Technique
-The Art of Collaboration
-The Art of Improvisation
-The Art of Sight-Reading
-The Art of Recording
-The Art of Composition
-Effective Practice Techniques
-Preparation to Public Performance: Strategies and Tips
-Instrument Maintenance and much more!
Application fee is waived for students applying before March 1st, and reduced tuition is offered to students applying before April 15th. Camp capacity is limited to 40 students.
Limited scholarships are available as well as discounts for pre-formed groups and siblings.
Early Registration sale prices are extended through Sunday night May 26th!
Early Registration sale prices are extended through Sunday night May 26th! Come to IDRS 2013 Conference June 25-29 in sunny Southern California at the University of Redlands, just east of Los Angeles.
Visit our website at idrs2013.org to read about the great variety of exhibitors who will be there with the latest double reed products and instruments, and the wonderful performers from all over the world who will be featured. Several evening and Saturday afternoon performances will include double reed concerto performances with orchestra or string ensemble. There will be morning lectures and many daytime concerts and master classes. See information on getting to Redlands, on campus housing, hotels, reading sessions, and more under Conference information and Event information. Evening programs and daytime schedules are listed under Event Schedules. Come have a delicious meal and wine and enjoy a chamber music concert in the gorgeous outdoor setting of a California Winery on Thursday night.
We hope to see you there!
Carolyn Beck and Francisco Castillo
Co-hosts IDRS 2013
Brochure for the 2014 Young Artist Competition for Oboe
Announcing the 2014 Young Artist Competition for Oboe, to be held at the IDRS Conference at New York University and open to oboists who have not reached their 22nd birthday by the final round of the competition, August 7th, 2014. Applications will be accepted from January 1st, 2014 to March 15th, 2014. Details are available in the .pdf file below and more information can be obtained at http://www.idrs.org/competitions.
Please contact Michele Fiala, Competition Chair at Michele@fiala.com with any questions.
Brochure for the 2014 Fernand Gillet-Hugo Fox International Competition for Bassoon
Announcing the 2014 Fernand Gillet-Hugo Fox International Competition for Bassoon, to be held at the IDRS Conference at New York University and open to oboists who have not reached their 31st birthday before the date of the final audition, August 8, 2014. Applications will be accepted from January 1st, 2014 to March 15th, 2014. Details are available in the .pdf file below and more information can be obtained at http://www.idrs.org/competitions.
Please contact Peter Kolkay, Competition Chair at email@example.com with any questions.
IDRS 2015 Tokyo Conference Proposal Submission
The IDRS 2015 Tokyo Conference Artist Selection Committee is now accepting proposals to participate. You may submit your proposal at www.idrs2015.org.
The deadline for program submission is 31 December 2014. The IDRS Artist Selection Committee will announce the slate of accepted artists after 1 February 2015.
Please have the following items before you proceed with your submission:
* Current (2015) IDRS membership
* Length of proposed event: 50 minutes, 25 minutes, 12:30 minutes
* Priority of works to be performed.
* Biography – 250 words or less per individual
* Photographs – jpg format, max 5photos, max 1MB per photo (like 300dpi / 1200*800px)
* Complete program information: Title, Composer, Movements, Composer dates, Exact timing
The 2015 IDRS Conference registration
The 2015 IDRS Conference registration, on-campus housing reservation and exhibitor invitation site is now open. You may register for the conference and reserve your on-campus housing from this link – http://idrs2015.org/?p=3719. Payment for registration will be managed by a separate site and will be open on May 1. Your registration will secure your position for the “Early” discount and your priority status for the NYC on-campus housing. Conference registration is REQUIRED to reserve NYC on-campus housing. You will be notified when the payment site is open. Please use the information on the confirmation email to submit your payment.
• Payment must be received by 1 June 2015 to qualify for the early registration discount. Japan time is 14 hours ahead of US Central, and 10 hours ahead of London time.
• Credit card transactions will be processed in Japan. To insure payment, please contact your credit card company and inform it of this transaction.
• Conference registration will require a passport-type photo for the conference ID card. (Jpg format, 300KB max). Please have your photo ready.
NYC on-campus housing
• A single room with private bath, and a single room with a shared bath are available at the location of the IDRS 2015 conference, NYC. These rooms are available at a discounted rate of 2000 Yen “room with shared bath” and 4000 Yen “room with private bath” per night.
• Rooms are separated into male and female units. No coed facilities or family units are available at this time on the NYC campus. The IDRS 2015 has submitted a request for family and coed housing. Availability of family and coed housing can not be confirmed at this time.
• The NYC campus room availability is limited, especially for 19 August.
• Hotel rooms on the NYC campus are not available before 14 August or after 19 August. We have arranged for special room rates at selected hotels near the NYC campus for IDRS 2015 conference participants. JTB Tours, the official travel agent of the IDRS 2015 Conference, will manage reservations for all non-NYC affiliated hotels. The hotel reservation site with JTB will be available soon. IDRS members will be informed when the site is open.
The IDRS 2015 registration, housing and exhibitor payment pages are now fully functional
The IDRS 2015 registration, housing and exhibitor payment pages are now fully functional – http://idrs2015.org/ – and will now accept payments by VISA, MASTERCARD, AND AMERICAN EXPRESS. The credit card company often will block or send a fraud alert for foreign transactions. IDRS 2015 hosts advise you to do the following:
Contact your credit card company before completing this transaction to avoid a fraud alert. The credit card processing company for Visa and Mastercard is BASE, and for American Express is STORES.JP.
Also please note that the default setting for the following, written in Japanese, is checked. Uncheck it if you do not want to receive this service:
メールマガジン (email magazine) – ショップから新作の商品情報やお得なセール情報を受け取る (select if you wish to subscribe to the online shopping magazine).
IDRS 2015 Tokyo Conference Guide
IDRS 2015 Tokyo Conference Guide
By Yoshi Ishikawa,
IDRS 2015 Conference Liaison, Editor, IDRS OnLine Publications
Chairman, Asian Double Reed Association
Professor of Bassoon Performance, University of Colorado Boulder, College of Music
• Using a credit card to pay for conference registration and on-campus housing
• Email notifications
• Off campus hotels
• Getting to the National Youth Center (NYC), Tokyo (IDRS conference site)
• Getting to your hotel/Shinjuku station from Narita and Haneda Airports
• Getting around Tokyo
A few members have had issues using their credit card to pay for conference housing and registration. Some also reported NOT receiving a confirmation email from IDRS 2015 after they registered. If you have successfully registered and made your payments, please skip this section.
There are two possible security schemes conducted by credit card companies, which may restrict the use of your credit card for foreign transactions. To avoid problems, contact your credit card companies and inform them that you will be making purchases from a website in Japan. For most credit cards issued by major banks, such as CHASE, you may receive a “Fraud Warning,” via email or text message, requiring you to respond if you did not authorize the purchase. If you do nothing, the transaction will be posted to your account shortly. Some smaller banks may reject foreign credit card transactions even if you have notified them about your foreign purchase. The reason is that the Japanese CC clearing house, BASE (for VISA and MC) and stores.jp (AMX) may first send a $0.01 test charge to your credit card company. If it is accepted, the transaction will continue with the full amount. If your credit card company rejects the $0.01 transaction, you will not see any charges posted to your account and the payment will not go through. If this is the case, contact your CC Company and while on the phone with customer service, initiate the payment transaction from the site. Inform them of the $0.01 test charge.
Some members reported that they failed to receive a confirmation email from IDRS 2015 Conference after they submitted their registration or housing reservation. The possible cause is a firewall/spam blocker at the system level of the email provider. AOL and Hotmail are two major providers, which have blocked email messages sent from the IDRS 2015 site. If you failed to receive confirmation email from IDRS 2015, please register again using a different email address. I use Gmail and have no problem with a spam block.
Off campus hotels
There are numerous hotels near the IDRS 2015 conference site, NYC (National Youth Center). It is located near Shinjuku (新宿駅), the major train statin. IDRS 2015 has contracted JTB Tours (Sunrise Tours JTB, http://www.jtb-sunrisetours.jp/) to manage hotel reservations outside of the NYC campus for IDRS 2015 conference delegates. The following are recommended hotels from JTB located near the Shinjuku station. An estimated range of rates is listed, and is relative to the specific date of stay. Please note that the rates listed are for one person per day, and include breakfast, service fees and taxes. The web portal to reserve hotels rooms through JTB will open by 15 May.
Hotel Sunroute Plaza Shinjuku
• Single (One person per room) : 15,000 – 17,500 Yen (per person, per room)
• Twin (Two persons per room) : 11,500 – 14,500 Yen (per person, per room)
Shinjuku Washington Hotel
• Single (One person per room) : 10,000 – 13,000 Yen (per person, per room)
• Twin (Two persons per room) : 8,500 – 10,500 Yen (per person, per room)
Keio Plaza Hotel Tokyo
• Single (One person per room) : 29,000 – 35,000 Yen (per person, per room)
• Twin (Two persons per room) : 17,500 – 21,500 Yen (per person, per room)
All three hotels are also serviced by major US travel sites. When comparing rates, remember to add breakfast, a service fee and taxes.
There are other major hotel brands in Shinjuku. Some members of the IDRS Executive board, including me, will stay at the Tokyo Hilton in Shinjuku. The Tokyo Hilton is very conveniently located, since the bus stop for line No. 51 is across the street. The ride is 13 minutes and the bus stops in front of NYC. Bus 51 runs every 20 minutes and costs ¥250 per ride. Unfortunately, a recent search for Tokyo Hilton reservations indicated that rooms are sold out for the dates corresponding to the conference. If you are interested in staying at the Tokyo Hilton, I would continue to search using an online search engine, such as trivato.com. Hotels often sell block of rooms to travel sites or randomly make rooms available. The rates for hotels vary depending on when and from where reservations are made.
If you are considering other hotels in the Sihjuku area, select hotels on the west side (西口Nishiguchi – west exit) of Shinjuku station. Next to the Tokyo Hilton is the Hyatt Regency as well as smaller mid-range hotels. I suggest that you use Tokyo Hilton as a staging point and look for hotels near the Hilton.
Hotel prices range from under $75 to over $400+ per night. Avoid the area northeast of Shinjuku station, Kabukicho (歌舞伎町), which is the largest red light district in Tokyo.
Getting to the National Youth Center (NYC), the IDRS conference site
To get to NCY via bus line No 51, take the bus going towards Shibuya Station渋谷駅. The fare is ¥210 (use PASEMO or SUIKA card, see Getting around in Tokyo, below). Bus 51 stops directly in front of NYC. It comes every 20 minutes from 7:00AM to 10:00PM and takes 13 minutes. Another option is to take the local train, the Odakyu Line (¥130), from Shinjuku station. Get off at the first stop, Sangubashi参宮橋駅 (14 minutes). From Sangubashi, NYC is an 8-minute walk. The Odakyu line service is from 5:00AM-12:30AM. A taxi is also a good option. Japanese taxies are safe and very clean.
Google maps is a good transportation guide. To find the location of the IDRS conference, enter in Google Maps, National Youth Center Tokyo or国立オリンピック記念青少年総合センター, Japan, 〒151-0052 Tokyo, Shibuya, Yoyogikamizonocho, 3−1
Getting to your hotel/Shinjuku station from Narita and Haneda Airports
Haneda and Narita are the two major airports for Tokyo. Both airports service international flights. The trip from Haneda to Shinjuku will take about 47 minutes, and from Narita to Shinjuku will take about 1 – 1:20 minutes.
The easiest way to get to your hotel from the Narita or Haneda airport is to take the Limousine bus, especially if you have luggage. The Limousine bus will take you directly to several hotels in the Shinjuku area, including the Tokyo Hilton, Keio Plaza Hotel Tokyo, Hotel Sunroute Plaza Shinjuku and Shinjuku Washington Hotel. Please use the link below for the complete schedule and rates. Bad traffic may lead to delays when using a Limousine bus. Japanese trains runs exactly on time and are faster than buses.
A train from Haneda to Shinjuku is possible, but requires changing trains. The Shinjuku train station will be very busy especially during the rush hour (morning, afternoon and late night). It is the world’s busiest station and transportation hub. During rush hour foot traffic is equivalent to traffic you may face at a major sport event in US. The only difference is that everyone is walking very fast with purpose. Walking against traffic is not recommended or possible. Crossing the foot traffic is very difficult unless you are used to it. If you are not familiar with Shinjuku station, and have luggage, take the Limousine bus!
Narita Express is the only direct train service from Narita to Shinjuku. The station is located in the terminal. The train runs on time regardless of traffic. At Shinjuku station, follow the sign for西口Nishiguchi – west exit. From the exit, take a taxi to your hotel (5 min). Tokyo Hilton provides a free shuttle bus every 20 minutes from the west Shinjuku exit near Keio department center.
Keisei Skyliner also services Narita to Shijuku. Skyliner is faster and less expensive, but requires changing trains at Nippori station. Unless you are familiar with the Japanese train system, I recommend either a Limousine bus or the Narita Express.
Getting around in Tokyo
Tokyo is a fascinating city to explore. You can get to virtually all areas of Tokyo using trains and buses. Trains are by far the easiest way to get around Tokyo. Buying tickets can be challenging due to the size and the complexity of the transportation system. Each location has a different fair, and tickets must be purchased at a vending machine for each trip. To circumvent the complicated ticketing system, travelers can purchase either a PASMO or SUICA card. Both are IC cards and are available for a small fee at vending machines at most major train stations. Value can be added to the card via vending machines using cash or a credit card. Both cards are valid on trains and busses, as well vending machines, convenience stores and more throughout Japan. To use the card, simply place it over the scanner as you enter and exit the station. Correct amounts are automatically deducted from the card. The IC scanner will read the card without removing it from your wallet. Just touch the wallet on the IC reader.
Pasmo card info – http://www.pasmo.co.jp/en/
Suica card info – http://www.jreast.co.jp/e/pass/suica.html
Happy travels, Yoshi Ishikawa
Results of the 2015 Young Artist Bassoon Competition
The National Olympic Memorial Youth Center
Tokyo, Japan, August 17, 2015
Winston-Salem, North Carolina
The eighth annual Young Artist Competition was held this summer for bassoonists at the IDRS conference at the The National Olympic Memorial Youth Center in Tokyo, Japan. Since its inception in 2008, the Young Artist Competition gives double-reed artists under the age of 22 the opportunity to compete, and like the Fernand Gillet-Hugo Fox Competition, it alternates each year between oboists and bassoonists. The IDRS sponsored competitions showcase the amazing talent in our double-reed communities throughout the world and this year was no different.
Three finalists and one alternate were chosen based on recordings submitted by 41 applicants from all over the world. These recordings were anonymously adjudicated by a distinguished panel of judges including Silvia Coricelli (Argentina), Kazusa Mizutani (Japan), and Alban Wesly (Netherlands). The finalists were Valeria Curti of Switzerland, a student of Patrik Lüscher, Matthias Racz, Frank Forst, Geng Liang of Singapore, a student of Zhang Jin Min and Song Zhi Hong, and Kaspar Reh of Germany, a student of Selim Aykal and Frank Forst. Mathieu Brunet of France was chosen as the alternate.
Valeria, Geng and Kaspar competed on August 17th, playing selections from the following repertoire: The first movement of Koželuh’s Concerto in C Major, the third movement Molto Adagio and Allegro Moderato of Saint-Saëns’ Sonata for Bassoon and Piano, four of Mignone’s Waltzes for Solo Bassoon including Pattapiada, Apanhei-te meu fagotinho (Valsa paródia), A Boa Páscoa Para Você Devos! and Valsa-Choro, and Franz Doppler’s Fantaisie Pastorale Hongroise, Op. 26 movement I, Molto Andante, arranged by Masahito Tanaka.
This is a unique year in the history of the Young Artist Competition. Tojo Shigeko, the wife of the late Masahito Tanaka generously donated ¥300,000 Japanese Yen for a special prize to be awarded to the performer of the jury’s favorite performance of Tanaka’s arrangement of Doppler’s Fantaisie Pastorale Hongroise.
After deliberating, our extraordinary final round judges Sophie Dartigalongue (France), Albi Michlich (USA) and Koji Okasaki (Japan), chose Valeri Curti as the winner. She received a cash award of $4000 USD. Kaspar Reh was awarded second prize and a $2500 USD award. Third prize and $1000 USD went to Geng Liang. Valeri Curti also received the Tanaka prize.
The level of playing was truly remarkable and each of the finalists and their teachers should be applauded for the enormous amount of work and dedication, the result of which we were privileged to hear. Valeri performed the Doppler and Saint Saens on an evening recital Tuesday, August 18th. I would like to thank pianist Miyuki Washimiya for her beautiful playing throughout the conference and her exceptional accompaniment work during the competition.
As with all IDRS endeavors, the Young Artist Competition is the collective, volunteered effort of many people contributing in countless ways. I must thank Competitions Coordinator Eric Stomberg and Norma Hooks, IDRS Executive Secretary/ Treasurer, for their incalculable time and invaluable council and expertise. Thank you also to conference host Sugawara Hitomi and the conference staff for their organizational assistance.
Next year’s competition, coordinated by Geralyn Giovannetti, will feature oboists and will take place at IDRS 2016 in Columbus, Georgia at Columbus State University. Bassoonists can look forward to the 2017 competition at the conference in Appleton, Wisconsin.
Results of the 2015 Fernand Gillet-Hugo Fox Competition for Oboe
The National Olympic Memorial Youth Center
Tokyo, Japan, August 17, 2015
The Committee Members of the 2015 Fernand Gillet-Hugo Fox Competition for Oboe are pleased to announce the final results for this year’s competition:
Sergio Sanchez, VENEZUELA
Student of Marcos Tarazona, Hermes Nunes, Victor Morles, Ricardo Riveiro, Diethelm Jonas, David Walter and Jacques Tys
Bunkichi Arakawa, JAPAN
Student of Sholo Ikeda, Tomoyuki Hirota, Satoki Aoyama, Yoshiaki Obata
Stuart Breczinski, USA
Student of Jacqueline Leclair, Humbert Lucarelli, Mark Weiger, John Snow, Rachel Brudnoy
Andrew Kawai, AUSTRALIA
Student of Seng Tong and Jeffrey Crellin
Huijing Xu, CHINA
Student of Dun Zhu, Lu Tang, Christian Schmitt, Francois Leleux
Sonata in C Minor, RV 53, entire work, take repeats in movement 3 only
Heinz Holliger Sonate, movements 3 and 4
Katherine Hoover Sonata for Oboe and Piano, movements 2 and 3
Final Round: Eugene Goossens, Oboe Concerto, Op. 45
The Members of the Gillet-Fox Oboe Committee and the Officers of the Executive Committee are deeply appreciative of the time, effort and expertise of the judging panel.
Members of the Preliminary Stage Judging Panel:
Robert Atherholt. Professor of Oboe, The Shepherd School of Music at Rice University. Retired Principal Oboe, The Houston Symphony.
Sarah Francis. Fellow of the Royal College of Music and former Professor. Solo Oboist and Director of the London Harpsichord Ensemble.
Anne Gilby. Professor of Oboe, the University of Melbourne. Founding President of the Australasian Double Reed Society.
Làszlò Hadady. Professor of Chamber Music, Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Paris.
Marion Kuszyk. Associate Principal Oboe, Los Angeles Philharmonic. Oboe Faculty, University of Southern California.
Members of the Final Stage Judging Panel:
Celia Craig. Principal Oboe, Adelaide Symphony. Lecturer in Oboe, Elder Conservatorium. Associate, Royal Academy of Music. Past-President, Australasian Double Reed Society.
Nancy Ambrose King, Professor of Oboe, University of Michigan. Former President, International Double Reed Society.
Yoshi Obata. Professor of Oboe, Tokyo University of the Arts.
Elizabeth Koch Tiscione, Principal Oboe, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. Oboe Faculty, Kennesaw State University.
Song-Lam Yiu, Director and Solo Oboe, Hong Kong Wind Kamerata. Faculty, The Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts.
Members of the Competition Committee:
Margaret Marco (Chair), Martin Schuring, Dan Stolper and Eric Stomberg
NewBassoon Workshop at Eastman with Dark in the Song July 6-9
Dark in the Song announces the first NewBassoon Workshop, a four-day event July 6-9, 2016 at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, NY
ABOUT THE WORKSHOP
Four leading American bassoon artists and teachers, Michael Harley, Lynn Hileman, Peter Kolkay and Saxton Rose, all members of the pioneering bassoon collective Dark in the Song, present a four-day workshop on contemporary bassoon literature, performance techniques, and pedagogy. This session is designed for college students and above. Participants will work closely with the faculty in a variety of settings, including lessons, master classes, and ensembles. The event also includes faculty and student performances, exhibits, a performance competition, and a composition prize.
Register now at the Summer at Eastman website.
The entire workshop takes place at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, NY
ACTIVITIES AND EVENTS
- Performance master classes and private lessons by Michael Harley, Lynn Hileman, Peter Kolkay, and Saxton Rose
- Special guest John Hunt, Professor of Bassoon, Eastman School of Music
- Discussion / demonstration on new trends in chamber music
- Workshop on multiphonics led by guest Jamie Leigh Sampson, author of Contemporary Techniques for the Bassoon: Multiphonics
- Workshops on contemporary bassoon literature and techniques, including circular breathing
- Panel discussion on grant writing, commissioning, and entrepreneurial activities for performers
- Performance and presentation on performing the Berio Sequenza
- Performance / demonstration on performing with various electronic systems including live looping
- Performance of Michael Gordon’s Rushes, an hour-long work for seven bassoons
- Faculty recital of solo and chamber works for bassoon by Dark in the Song including the premiere of the 2016 Composition Prize winning piece
- The Dark in the Song Performance Competition Final Round
- Wednesday, July 6 at 12pm: Welcome and Introductions, Hatch Recital Hall
- Wednesday, July 6 at 7:30pm: Faculty recital, Hatch Recital Hall
- Thursday, July 7 at 9:00am: Final Round of the Performance Competition, Hatch Recital Hall
- Friday, July 8 at 8:00pm: Performance of Michael Gordon’s Rushes
- Saturday, July 9 at 7:30pm: Participants and competition winners recital, Hatch Recital Hall
Midwest Musical Imports will exhibit bassoons, accessories, reeds and cane, tools and machines for sale and trial for the duration of the workshop. Repair technician Eric Anderson will also offer free repairs.
COSTS and HOUSING
Tuition for the four-day workshop, including all activities and concerts is $550. You can register now at the Summer at Eastman website.
Housing at the Eastman Student Living Center is available. Information about housing and local hotels.
Benefic Chamber Music Camp July 23 through July 31
The Benefic Chamber Music Camp will be held at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana from July 23 through July 31. Double Reed faculty includes: Dwight Perry, principal oboist of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra; Leonid Sirotkin, assistant professor of oboe at DePauw University; and Keith Sweger, professor of bassoon at Ball State University. For more information: www.BeneficMusic.com: firstname.lastname@example.org: 513.374.4577
Repertoire for the 2017 Young Artist Bassoon Competition
The Committee of the 2017 Young Artist Bassoon Competition is pleased to announce the repertoire for next year, which will take place at Lawrence University in Appleton, WI. The Competition entries will be accepted starting on January 1, 2017 through an online application process. More information will be available at the end of August at http://idrs.org/competitions/ or contact Isabel Jeremias at email@example.com
The 2017 Young Artist Bassoon Competition Repertoire:
- Antonio Vivaldi
Concerto for bassoon and orch. en C minor F VIII, Nº14 RV480
(edition of entrant’s choice)
- Gioachino Rossini
Concerto for bassoon and orch.
(Hoffmeister in Germany)
- William Davis
Sonata for bassoon and piano
I. Allegro grazioso, II. Recitative, III. Scherzo, IV. Finale
(Southern Music Company)
- José Siqueira
Drei Etüde für Fagott und Klavier
I. Ad libitum-Allegro, II. Tempo di Modinha, III. Allegro scherzando
Message from Keith, IDRS President
13 February 2017
I am sorry to announce that Norma Hooks, our long-time Executive Secretary/Treasurer and friend, is experiencing some health problems. She and her family have asked for all to respect their privacy as they work through these issues. Our thoughts go out to Norma and to her family. Ed Craig has taken over many of Norma’s membership responsibilities. If you have a question concerning your membership or if you have previously tried to contact Norma concerning membership issues, please send an email to Ed at firstname.lastname@example.org; if you have any other questions concerning IDRS, you may contact me at email@example.com.
As many of you know, Howard Niblock, our co-host for the upcoming 2017 conference at Lawrence University, is also going through some health issues. Current and former members of the IDRS Executive Committee are stepping up to assist Howard and Carl Rath as needed. Please note that planning is moving ahead and we are looking forward to an exciting and successful conference In Appleton, Wisconsin from June 20 through 24. If you have any questions, you can contact our hosts through their website www.idrs2017.org, Martin Schuring, our conference coordinator, at firstname.lastname@example.org, or me. Information concerning exhibiting at IDRS2017 will be available very soon.
We recently completed some needed maintenance on our membership database. I ask that if you have not already done so, to please renew your membership online at www.idrs.org.
To renew your membership, please login to www.idrs.org and select the RENEW button on the home page.
If you have forgotten or do not have a password for www.idrs.org, go to http://www.idrs.org/membership/password.php and enter your registered email address. If your email address is registered with IDRS, the server will email your password.
If your email address is not registered with IDRS, please select JOIN button on the home page.
By renewing/joining now online, you will be helping the society through this transition period. Thank you for your continued support of the IDRS.
President, International Double Reed Society
Professor of Bassoon, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306
IDRS Exhibits Coordinator Frank Swan
I am happy to announce that Frank Swann has agreed to serve as exhibits coordinator for the 2017 IDRS conference at Lawrence University. Frank Swann studied oboe with Robert Sprenkle at the University of Rochester and graduated from Howard University with a degree in Chemical Engineering. He worked at Eastman Kodak for 9 years before relocating to Los Angeles, where he owned and operated a digital prepress/digital printing business. During these 25 years in LA, he was an active freelance oboist. Frank now resides in Washington, DC where he owns Capitol Cane, a double-reed cane business. He has served as an assistant with the exhibits for several IDRS conferences. Frank can be reached at email@example.com. Also, please note that a merchants portal for conference exhibitors will be available on the IDRS website very soon. This will allow vendors to register online. More to come on this.
President, International Double Reed Society
Professor of Bassoon
School of Music
Ball State University
Muncie, IN 47306-0410
Association of Adult Musicians 2nd Biennial Conference for Adults with Hearing Loss
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact Person: Wendy Cheng
Nonprofit Name: Association of Adult Musicians with Hearing Loss
Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Web site address: https://musicianswithhearingloss.org
Conference on making music with a hearing loss to provide opportunities to share and discuss the challenge of music-making for individuals with significant hearing losses.
The Association of Adult Musicians with Hearing Loss is pleased to announce their second biennial conference for adults with hearing loss which will be held July 13-16, 2017 at Kean University in New Jersey. This conference will be of interest to individuals who enjoy playing music despite the challenges that hearing loss brings. There will be opportunities to develop ensemble skills and listening skills with large and small ensemble coachings by clinicians who are themselves deaf or hard of hearing. Hearing loop technology will be available during this conference. Saturday, July 15 will also feature presentations on the challenges of making music with a hearing loss and a viewing of the documentary, Lost and Sound. The conference will conclude with a public concert on the evening of July 15.
For more information about the AAMHL 2017 Conference, please visit the AAMHL conference website.
Founded in 2001, the mission of the Association of Adult Musicians with Hearing Loss is to
1) create opportunities for adult musicians with hearing loss to discuss the challenges they face in making and listening to music;
2) create opportunities for public performance either individually or in groups by adult musicians with hearing loss who might not otherwise have access to these opportunities;
3) provide ongoing feedback to hearing health professionals, hearing researchers, manufacturers of hearing assistive technology, music educators and others to improve hearing device technology relative to music performance and enjoyment; and to
4) provide educational opportunities to enable hard of hearing and deaf adults to appreciate and make music in ways not previously available.